How to Run and Attack the 1-3-1 Half-Court Trap

May 19, 2013 | Daniel Kobialka

Must See Basketball Videos

Many basketball teams find the 1-3-1 half-court trap to be an extremely effective tool for disrupting opposing offenses. When offenses get uncomfortable, they start turning the ball over and giving up easy baskets in transition. Learn how to use it on defense when you need buckets fast, or exploit it for easy points on offense when teams use it against you.

Use the 1-3-1 Half-Court Trap on Defense

The 1-3-1 half-court trap uses your entire team to put pressure on the ball. Here’s what each player needs to be doing:

  • Point Guard — Covers the ballhandler at all times and denies the pass out of the corner when the ball is below the free-throw line.
  • Wing Players — Play the cross-court pass and deny the pass to the ball-side high post.
  • Power Forward — Holds down the middle, staying above the free throw line to deny the pass to the high post.
  • Center — Plays the front of the ball-side block. When the ball is below the free throw line, the center joins the point guard to double-team the ball handler.

For the defense to work, two players need to be trapping the ball handler at all times. Players should always be moving to disrupt the offense’s rhythm and force turnovers. (Having a tough time keeping up? Check out these basketball conditioning tips.)

Beat the 1-3-1 Half-Court Trap on Offense

If an opponent starts running the 1-3-1 half-court trap, don’t get caught off guard. Beat the defense with good screens and ball movement. Score off the trap by:

  • Attacking underneath the zone from the corner
  • Screening the low defender and back-screening the middle defender
  • Penetrating the trap’s gaps with quick passes and skip passes
  • Avoid lobbing long bombs down the court (develop better team passing with these drills)

Get your players comfortable with the 1-3-1 half-court trap by running it in practice. When your team feels comfortable with it, they’ll be able to quickly transition to it when they need a few quick turnovers and avoid getting flustered when an opponent starts using it against them.

Want to learn more about the 1-3-1 half court trap? Check out the video below.

Photo: REUTERS/Bill Waugh

Featured Videos

Path to the Pros 2015: Marcus Mariota Path to the Pros 2015: Marcus Mariota Views: 1,267,361
Eastbay Path to the Pros Episode 2: Laying the Groundwork Eastbay Path to the Pros Episode 2: Laying the Groundwork Views: 197,143
Eastbay Path to the Pros Episode 4: Skill Training Eastbay Path to the Pros Episode 4: Skill Training Views: 396,957
Load More

Resources

STACK Fitness

Everything you need to be fitter than ever

STACK Conditioning

Sport-specific conditioning programs

Coaches and Trainers

Tips and advice for coaches and trainers

Magazine

Latest issues of STACK Magazine

STACK 4W

Women's sports workout, nutrition and lifestyle advice

Gamer

Gaming, entertainment and tech news

Basic Training

Military-style training for athletes

News

Find the latest news relevant to athletes

Most Popular Videos

Robert Griffin III Pocket Presence QB Drill Robert Griffin III Pocket Presence QB Drill
Views: 6,866,189
Peyton Manning Dumbbell Bench With 80+ Pounds Peyton Manning Dumbbell Bench With 80+ Pounds
Views: 43,450,145
Ohio State Football Open Field Plyo Drill Ohio State Football Open Field Plyo Drill
Views: 9,501,255
Dustin Pedroia on Training Dustin Pedroia on Training
Views: 10,920,916
Dwight Howard Stays in the Gym All Night Dwight Howard Stays in the Gym All Night
Views: 6,134,125

Load More
More Cool Stuff You'll Like
How to Shoot a Basketball Better

How to Shoot a Basketball Better

As a professional basketball player and a 4 year collegiate athlete, I've heard a lot of different advice on how to shoot a basketball better. The...

10 Essential Point Guard Drills From Skylar Diggins

10 Essential Point Guard Drills From Skylar Diggins

Learn from Steph Curry: Stay the Course to Beat the Defense

Learn from Steph Curry: Stay the Course to Beat the Defense

How to Punt a Football: A Step-by-Step Photo Guide

How to Punt a Football: A Step-by-Step Photo Guide

Winter Soccer Workout to Improve Ball Handling

Winter Soccer Workout to Improve Ball Handling

Build a Better Layup With These Basketball Speed Drills

Build a Better Layup With These Basketball Speed Drills

How Stephen Curry Became the Best Shooter in the NBA

How Stephen Curry Became the Best Shooter in the NBA

Fastpitch Softball Hitting Drills for Beginners

Fastpitch Softball Hitting Drills for Beginners

Boost Your Fastball With This Weighted Baseball Workout

Boost Your Fastball With This Weighted Baseball Workout

Why Basketball Players Must Improve Their Weak Hand

Why Basketball Players Must Improve Their Weak Hand

Improve Your Jump Shot with Core Strength

Improve Your Jump Shot with Core Strength

How to Dribble a Basketball

How to Dribble a Basketball

Never Fumble Again: How to Carry a Football

Never Fumble Again: How to Carry a Football

2 Drills to Help You Play Lockdown Basketball Defense

2 Drills to Help You Play Lockdown Basketball Defense

Drive Defenders Crazy With These Super Moves from NBA Legends

Drive Defenders Crazy With These Super Moves from NBA Legends

3 Secrets of the NBA's Best Shooters

3 Secrets of the NBA's Best Shooters

Drills for a Better Pole Vault Swing

Drills for a Better Pole Vault Swing

10 Tips Every AAU Player Must Know

10 Tips Every AAU Player Must Know

Learn to Shoot a Basketball with the BEEF Method

Learn to Shoot a Basketball with the BEEF Method

Improve Your Basketball Passes With Med Ball Exercises

Improve Your Basketball Passes With Med Ball Exercises

How to Improve Your Basketball Skills in the Weight Room

How to Improve Your Basketball Skills in the Weight Room

The 4 Fundamentals of Hitting a Baseball

The 4 Fundamentals of Hitting a Baseball

Success With Health: How Trevor Bauer Increased His Velocity

Success With Health: How Trevor Bauer Increased His Velocity

Softball Pitchers: How to Play Your Best Over a Complete Season

Softball Pitchers: How to Play Your Best Over a Complete Season

Train for Hockey Off the Ice This Summer

Train for Hockey Off the Ice This Summer

How Tampa Bay Rays Pitcher Chris Archer Got in All-Star Shape

How Tampa Bay Rays Pitcher Chris Archer Got in All-Star Shape

4 Soccer Drills to Shoot Better While on the Move

4 Soccer Drills to Shoot Better While on the Move

'Squash the Bug' and Other Softball Batting Tips That Don't Work

'Squash the Bug' and Other Softball Batting Tips That Don't Work

Teach the Layup with the Two-Step Drill

Teach the Layup with the Two-Step Drill

3 Steps to Better In-Game Baseball Hitting

3 Steps to Better In-Game Baseball Hitting

The Football Route Tree, Explained

The Football Route Tree, Explained

Basketball Speed Drills for Offense

Basketball Speed Drills for Offense

WATCH: 5 Post Moves From Nerlens Noel

WATCH: 5 Post Moves From Nerlens Noel

3 Things You Are Doing Wrong In Your Basketball Training

3 Things You Are Doing Wrong In Your Basketball Training

Basketball Shooting Technique: How to Shoot a Floater

Basketball Shooting Technique: How to Shoot a Floater

4 Tips for Coaching Low-Velocity Softball Pitchers

4 Tips for Coaching Low-Velocity Softball Pitchers

5 Drills to Improve Your Soccer Dribbling Skills

5 Drills to Improve Your Soccer Dribbling Skills

Become a Better Baserunner With This Agility Drill

Become a Better Baserunner With This Agility Drill

How to Create a Killer Crossover Without a Basketball

How to Create a Killer Crossover Without a Basketball

YardBarker