Build Strong and Durable Shoulders With This Push-Up Progression

These four exercises build the strong shoulders you will need to safely add weight to your Bench Press.

You'd be hard pressed to find someone who doesn't like working their chest. This is great and all, but it leads too many people to overwork their chest. The result is often chronic shoulder pain that can impair performance and limit your workouts. Not ideal.

However, it's possible to press without angering your shoulder, as long as you prepare properly. My favorite way to do this is with the unique Push-Up progression detailed below.

Whether you're in the Army, a fitness boot camp class, powerlifting, gymnastics, CrossFit or are simply trying to get up off the floor, you've performed some form of Push-Up. The variations below are based on the traditional Push-Up, but add improved range of motion to give you the opportunity to build strong and resilient chest, shoulders and arms.

RELATED: Fix Your Posture With This Exercise

Alternating Straight-Arm Plank

Start off with an Alternating Plank with Reach to engage your core and scapular muscles, and to prepare your shoulders for action. If you rush right into the next variation without challenging the muscles required to maintain a stable top  position, it will be difficult to add clean and controlled movement. Rushing will start a quarrel between your shoulders and chest, which might lead to an appointment with a therapist.

Sets/Reps: 1-2x5 each arm

Scapular Push-Up

Next up is the scapular version, which adds movement to the stability exercise above. In this video, I demonstrate the movement using a close hand position for increased tricep activation. I also place my hands on a PVC pipe, which takes some tension off my wrists, challenges my grip strength and provides instability to ensure my rotator cuff muscles are firing. My chest is contacting the PVC pipe, and then I'm pushing my shoulders away from me at the top of the exercise through a full range of motion. Who cares? From a movement standpoint, your shoulders care! Healthier shoulders mean a bigger Bench Press without pain.

Sets/Reps: 1-2x5

Gliding Scapular Push-Up

This variation trains your end ranges of motion and challenges and strengthens your joints at the bottom position. For those of you who find the bodyweight version fairly easy and require load to challenge the movement, this is another strategy to strengthen the joints and the muscles and tissue surrounding the shoulder in different positions. At times, your joints will be pushed in a new direction, like when bumping into something while carrying an object or getting hit in a sporting event.

Sets/Reps: 1-2x5

Scapular Push-Up With Feet Elevated

Finally, you can perform the Scapular Push-Up withFeet Elevated, which increases the load on the chest, shoulders and arms. In addition, your core will be placed in a position where you will feel it working a bit more. And when I say a bit, I really mean a lot!

Sets/Reps: 1-2x5

RELATED: Add 30 Pounds to Your Bench Press in 20 Minutes


Photo Credit: Getty Images // Thinkstock

Topics: STRENGTH TRAINING | PUSH-UP | UPPER BODY | CHEST | CROSSFIT | BODYWEIGHT EXERCISES | SHOULDERS | WORKOUTS | ROTATOR CUFF | GYMNASTICS | SHOULDER PAIN