Fuel Your Performance With Salad: Here's How

Built the right way with the right ingredients, a salad can be a perfect post-workout meal.

 

Healthy Salad

Photo: Elanaspantry

When you need a post-workout meal, your first thought is probably not a salad. But with the right ingredients, a healthy salad can be a great way to refuel and build muscle. The trick is to top your greens with ingredients high in protein, carbohydrates and the right amount of healthy fats. Built the right way, a salad can both tame your hunger and fuel your next workout.

Here are some healthy building blocks from which to construct your salad.

Base

The base should consist of dark greens like spinach, romaine lettuce or kale.

Spinach. Per cup—Calories: 7   Fat: 0g   Carbs: 1g  Protein: 3g

  • Spinach is rich in vitamins A and K as well as protein to strengthen bones and muscles.

Vegetables

Opt for chopped raw vegetables like carrots, red bell peppers and broccoli. They contain vitamins A, C, B9 and minerals calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and sodium. Avoid processed additives such as croutons and tortilla chips.

Sweet Potatoes. Per 1/2 cup—Calories: 57   Fat: .03g   Carbs: 13.38g   Protein: 1.04g

  • Sweet potatoes are a low glycemic food, meaning the carbohydrates are digested gradually, fueling you throughout your entire workout.

Broccoli. Per 1/2 cup—Calories: 15   Fat: .17g   Carbs: 3.02g   Protein: 1.28g

  • Broccoli is full of good carbohydrates and bone strengthening calcium.

Carrots. Per 1/2 cup—Calories: 26   Fat: 0g   Carbs: 6.15g   Protein: .6g

  • Carrots are a good source of carbohydrates and contain beta-carotene, which converts vitamin A to improve eye health.

Beans

Include some cooked beans like red kidney beans, soybeans or chickpeas for a blast of plant-based protein.

Kidney Beans. Per 1/2 cup—Calories: 109   Fat: .44g   Carbs: 19.96g   Protein: 6.72g

  • Kidney beans (and beans in general) are good plant-based sources of protein.

Chickpeas. Per 1/2 cup—Calories: 143   Fat: 1.37g   Carbs: 27.14g   Protein: 5.94g

  • Chickpeas supply generous amounts of carbohydrates and fiber to stabilize blood sugar levels.

Nuts & Seeds

Add crunch to your salad with a handful of heart-healthy nuts like walnuts, almonds or pecans. Other options include sunflower or pumpkin seeds, which are rich in vitamins B and E, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and sodium.

Almonds. Per 1/4 cup—Calories: 207   Fat: 18.1g   Carbs: 7.06g   Protein: 7.6g

  • Raw almonds are high in protein and fiber, which refuel your muscles and keep you feeling full longer.

Walnuts. Per 1/4 cup—Calories: 196   Fat: 19.56g   Carbs: 4.11g   Protein: 4.57g

  • Walnuts are another great protein source that make a great addition to any salad.

Sunflower Seeds. Per 1 tbsp.—Calories: 47   Fat: 4g   Carbs: 2g   Protein: 1.5g

  • There's a reason baseball players eat these seeds. They're a good source of carbohydrates, and the sodium protects against muscle cramps.

Fruit

Dried fruits like raisins, dates or apricots, or chopped fresh fruits like apples, bananas or strawberries, offer immune boosting antioxidants and added sweetness.

Raisins. Per 1/4 cup—Calories: 108   Fat: .17g   Carbs: 28.7g   Protein: 1.11g

  • Raisins are a fantastic option after a workout, thanks to their combo of complex carbohydrates, sugars and potassium.

Dates. Per 1/4 Cup—Calories: 125   Fat: .17g   Carbs: 33.39g   Protein: 1.09g

  • Dates provide energy and fuel muscle growth.

Apples. Per 1/2 cup—Calories: 29   : .09g   Carbs: 7.6g   Protein: .14g

  • Apples are high in carbohydrates and fiber, helping to fill you up.

Bananas. Per 1/2 cup—Calories: 67   Fat: .25g   Carbs: 17.13g   Protein: .88g

  • Bananas are a great pre- or post-workout food because of their healthy carbohydrates and potassium, which helps with muscle contraction.

Strawberries. Per 1/2 cup—Calories: 24   Fat: .23g   Carbs: 5.84g   Protein: .51g

  • Strawberries are high in vitamin C and complex sugars for energy.

Avocados. Per 1/2 cup—Calories: 120   Fat: 11g   Carbs: 6.4g   Protein: 1.5g

  • Avocados are loaded with healthy fats, offering 82.5 mg of omega-3 fatty acids per serving.

Fish & Meat

Lean meats like salmon, grilled chicken and turkey are better options than high-fat, low-nutritional value toppings like bacon, bacon bits or high-sodium ham.

Grilled/Baked Chicken Breast. Per 4 ounces—Calories: 184   Fat: 3.97g   Carbs: 0g   Protein: 34.45 g

  • Chicken breast is an excellent lean source of protein with little fat when grilled or baked instead of fried.

Grilled/Baked Salmon. Per 4 ounces—Calories: 161   Fat: 7.19g   Carbs: 0g   Protein: 34.45g

  • Salmon is one of the healthiest sources of protein from fish, and it has lower levels of mercury than other fish. If you're not interested in cooking, canned salmon is a quick and easy addition.

Grilled/Baked Tuna. Per 4 ounces—Calories: 180   Fat: 2g   Carbs: 0g   Protein: 24g

  • Tuna is another great source of protein and it's a go-to choice for many athletes. Like salmon, you can opt for canned tuna for a quick fix.

Grilled/Baked Turkey Breast. Per 4 ounces—Calories: 118   Fat: 1.88g   Carbs: 4.77g   Protein: 19.36g

  • Make sure to choose white, non-deli meat, which is lower in sodium and nitrates.

Dairy

Top your salad with hard boiled eggs instead of deviled eggs, which are loaded with extra fat and calories from the mayonnaise. For more flavor, add grated or shredded cheese such as feta, low-fat mozzarella or Parmesan.

Hard Boiled Eggs. Per 2 eggs—Calories: 155   : 10.61g   Carbs: 1.12g   Protein: 12.58g

  • Hard boiled eggs supply protein and are loaded with choline, which helps carry messages between nerves and muscles.

Grated/Shredded 2% Cheese. Per 2 tbsp.—Calories: 42   Fat: 2.73g   Carbs: .34g   Protein: 3.79g

  • Cheese is high in protein and builds strong bones—just opt for 2%!

2% Cottage Cheese. Per 1/2 cup—Calories: 203  Fat: 4.63g  Carbs: 8.2g  Protein: 31.05g)

  • Cottage cheese has the highest amount of protein of any cheese.

Dressing

Top your salad with a light vinaigrette dressing like balsamic, Italian or herbal. Avoid dressings such as Caesar and blue cheese, which can be high in fat, sodium and even sugar.

Light Vinaigrette Dressing. Per 2 tbsp.—Calories: 30   Fat: 1g   Carbs: 4g   Protein: 0g

  • Light vinaigrette is an olive oil based dressing high in omega-3 fatty acids.


Photo Credit: Getty Images // Thinkstock

Topics: PROTEIN | POST-WORKOUT NUTRITION | WORKOUTS | FIBER | VITAMINS | SODIUM | HEALTH | CARBOHYDRATES | SALAD | CALCIUM | POTASSIUM | BEANS | CARROTS | CHICKPEAS