Senior principal scientist of the Gatorade Sports Science Institute Dr. Kim Stein answers your questions about how to eat, drink and play your best.
Q: Should the foods I eat during the season be different from what I eat in the off-season?
A: The answer depends on the type of athlete you are and your goals for the off-season. In general, you should eat a carbohydrate-rich diet during the season. But during the off-season, when you are less active, you may want to reduce the proportion of carbohydrates and increase protein intake—although carbs should still be a significant component of your diet year round. If you are trying to gain lean muscle mass or cut body fat in the off-season, place a little more emphasis on protein, ideally under the guidance of a dietitian.