Because muscular strength is a key driver of speed, power and athletic performance, elite athletes regularly perform workouts with the goal to improve their strength. Such workouts improve muscle size, mass, strength and power, while also helping to prevent injury. Strength training exercises typically involve pushing, pulling or lifting external weight in the form of barbells, dumbbells, kettlebells and med balls. Bodyweight and resistance band exercises are also effective. Athletes generally target the muscles of the lower body, upper body and core that are used in competition. Find advice about the best ways to increase strength from today’s top coaches and elite athletes.